Cities Talking Edinburgh for locals and tourists alike!
The second most populous city in Scotland, Edinburgh has been the capital since the 15th century. The city has long been considered a centre of education, especially in the field of medicine, law, science and engineering, with the University having been established in 1583. Edinburgh is also world-renowned for its Fringe Festival, one of the largest arts festivals in the world.
Scotland’s earliest inhabitants developed a taste for the oysters and mussels of the Firth of Forth, near the site of present-day Edinburgh. At the end of the last Ice Age, people began to really settle in the area. in AD79, the Romans invaded, however they were never quite able to conquer, and eventually retreated behind Hadrians Wall in 211. By the sixth century, four distinct kingdoms had developed in Scotland, and the kingdoms struggled with each other for the next two hundred years. King Malcolm III Canmore built himself a castle in Edinburgh, and his wife built a chapel within the walls. Her son, David I built the Abbey at Holyrood, one mile East of the castle, forming what we now know as the Royal Mile. From 1707 until the 1800s, the city began to prosper, with thousands of new homes built, but during the Victorian era the Old Town declined into slums, while industry flourished in Glasgow. Since the end of the Second World War, the city has regained some of its prestige, due largely to the Fringe festival and other major annual events.
Edinburgh’s climate is humid, with warm summers and rain all year round. The warmest month is August, when temperatures range from 19 to 22 degrees Celsius, with January being the coldest month, when temperatures can drop to one degree.
Things to do
Castle, Crosses and Kirks
Take a stroll down Edinburgh’s Royal Mile to hear all about the regal and spooky happenings that shaped this great city Welcome to Edinburgh and the Royal Mile. It’s only a mile, but it’s centuries of history. Ghosts and priests will accompany you as you duck into the narrow alleys, hearing whispers of conspiracy and lovers’ sighs. Kings and scholars rub shoulders as we travel from a castle to a palace, taking in poverty and plague along the way. You’ll be able to wander about the grounds while we tell you about the Edinburgh Castle. About 340 million years ago, a volcano erupted and the magma that was left in its vent hardened to form a volcanic plug. When the softer rock around the plug was eroded by glaciers during the Ice Age, it left this outcrop on which Edinburgh Castle now stands. You can even tell which direction the glaciers were moving. The land on the sheltered, or lee side, was not worn away as much, so what was left was a tail. And on this tail sits the Royal Mile. Download the App to find out the fascinating story of this historic city
Walk highlights include:
- Edinburgh Castle and Castle Esplanade
- Witches Well
- Tartan Weaving Mill
- Cannonball House
- The Tolbooth Kirk
- Lawnmarket, Riddles Close And Court
- Statue of David Hume
- Parliament Square and St Giles Cathedral
- Borthwicks Close and the Fringe
- Todricks Wynd and Heave Awa Hoose
- Canongate Tolbooth
- Dunbars Close
- Queensberry House
- White Horse Close
- Scottish Parliament
- Abbey Sanctuary
- Holyrood Palace
- Heave Awa Hoose
- John Knox House
- Morocco Land