Cities Talking Rome for locals and tourists alike!
The capital of Italy, and the region of Lazio, Rome is home to almost 3 million people. Located along the shores of the Tiber river, Rome is the only example of a city which houses a separate country – the Vatican City – within a city. Rome is a global city, and the 18th-most-visited in the world, with attractions such as the Vatican Museums and the Colosseum are among the most popular tourist attractions in the world.
Rome is so ancient that it is sometimes referred to as the ‘Eternal City’. Historians believe that it was founded around 625 BC, and was governed by kings until the Romans took power into their own hands. Early Romans placed a lot of emphasis on the division of their society into four classes, with all the power laying with the nobles, or Patricians. The Roman Republic was a very successful government, lasting 500 years, and triumphing over the Carthaginians in 146 BC. Julius Caesar conquered Rome in 49 BC, and ruled as a dictator, until he was infamously murdered in the senate. His nephew, Octavian became the first emperor of Rome, calling himself Augustus. During his reign, the religion of Christianity took hold of Rome, with the city becoming the main centre of the religion. Rome went into decline in the Middle Ages, but recovered in a spectacular fashion in the mid-15th century, and eventually in 1970, became the capital of the newly unified Italy.
July is Rome’s hottest month, with average temperatures of 24 degrees Celsius, with this month also having the most sunshine (14 hours per day). November is the wettest month, with the coldest being January, when temperatures average at 8 degrees.
Things to do
Rome: A Portal to the Past
Rome – The Eternal City, the City of the Seven Hills, Caput Mundi… the Italian capital has accumulated a fair few nicknames over the years. Considering that it has been inhabited for around three millennia, that is understandable! And with ruins and remnants from the mighty Roman Empire still present today, the city is certainly not shy about revealing its age. Since the 1st century AD, Rome has been considered the seat of the Papacy and in the 8th century it became the capital of the Papal States, which lasted until 1870. In 1871 Rome became the capital of the Kingdom of Italy, and in 1946 that of the Italian Republic. The founding of the city is surrounded in myth and legend. The most familiar of these myths, and perhaps the most famous of all Roman myths, is the story of Romulus and Remus, the twins who were suckled by a she-wolf. They decided to build a city, but after an argument, Romulus killed his brother. As you stroll through this magnificent city you will see beautiful architecture and drink coffee in the magnificent piazza’s. You can also spend time gazing at St Peter’s Basilica and the iconic Pantheon.